What is an intercept?
Our transit monitoring strategy focuses on identifying and assisting victims of trafficking while they are being transported and before they reach the destination where they will be exploited. We “intercept” someone when we have good reason to believe that they are in the process of being trafficked or at high risk of being trafficked. We then intervene to educate the person about the dangers of trafficking, to raise awareness about ways that they can safely seek employment abroad, and to help them to return home.
What do you look for when making a determination that someone is being trafficked?
We have developed a questioning protocol that includes a list of visual red flags we look for to identify a potential victim as well as a line of questioning designed to determine if trafficking is taking place. Each staff member is trained to identify, question, and assist potential victims. Though they vary from country to country, some typical red flags include:
- Someone traveling overseas for work, but the employer’s phone number is fake or the promised salary is unrealistically high.
- Someone traveling overseas who appears too impoverished to afford an international flight and whose travel was paid for by someone else.
How do potential victims react when they are told they are possibly being trafficked?
They often express disbelief at first and do not want to believe that it is happening to them because often they are being recruited by a relative, friend, or someone in their community where there is some level of trust. For many, they are traveling out of desperation to provide for their families, so they are hesitant to turn away from a source of hope. However, after some education and time spent in conversation with our staff, they often gain an understanding of the risks involved and, in the end, are very thankful for our work.
Where do the intercepted victims go after they are intercepted?
Most often, they are able to go home after being intercepted. Because we intervene before potential exploitation occurs, they are generally not in need of extensive counseling or care but simply a thorough understanding and awareness about human trafficking and safe migration. We coordinate for most potential victims to head home the very same day. At times, they will stay at our shelter if they are not able to return home or if, based on our home situation assessment, it is not safe to send them back home. In those rare cases, we partner with a longer-term aftercare organization.
How do you know a potential victim is not going to be trafficked again?
We educate potential victims about the dangers of trafficking and very seldom intercept the same person twice.
How do you know a potential victim is not going back to the same bad situation?
We do assessments of potential victims' home situations and send them home only if they have a safe place to go to and there is no reason to believe that the family was knowingly involved in the suspected trafficking situation.
Is there any follow-up with the potential victims after they are intercepted?
We conduct "post-intercept calls" one to six months after they have been intercepted in order to follow up on how they are doing and to determine if they need further assistance. However, it can be difficult to get in touch with past victims after the intercept.
What happens to the potential victims who decide to continue with their travel plans, even after they are warned about the risks?
It is difficult to know exactly, but we provide them with phone numbers of organizations that they can call for assistance should they need it in the future.
Do potential victims understand what trafficking is?
Some may have heard of the term or have a basic understanding of the concept, but many may not be able to recognize when it is happening to them because often they are being recruited by a relative, friend, or someone in their community where there is some level of trust.
Why are potential victims vulnerable to being trafficked?
Many potential victims are vulnerable because they are living in poverty and lack opportunities at home, so they are desperate to seek employment opportunities elsewhere, including urban areas and overseas. They may be naive about the opportunities that would be available and lack the resources or awareness to identify whether an opportunity is legitimate or a front for trafficking. Some countries, such as India, have a gender imbalance that creates an artificial demand for young women, creating an incentive to deceive the poor in source countries, such as Nepal.
What happens to the person suspected of trafficking the victim?
If there is clear evidence of trafficking, our investigation team will gather intelligence about the suspects and work with the police to attempt an arrest and to file a case. If we are successful, the suspected trafficker will be taken into custody and prosecuted. (As of December 2020, we have secured 900 arrests, with 31% of closed cases resulting in convictions.) However, there are many obstacles that stand between an intercept and a conviction. Traffickers will often threaten the victim or her parents, or they may bribe the victim to withdraw the case. Other times, the victim might just be too afraid of the impact that pursuing a conviction would have on her reputation.
Are suspected traffickers men or women?
What gives you the authority to stop a potential victim/suspected trafficker who is traveling across a border?
We do not have official authority to prevent travel of potential victims, and we do not attempt to forcibly prevent someone from traveling. However, most choose not to move forward after we educate them about the risks involved. Although we don't have the legal authority to prevent a girl from traveling, there are three ways that we can do so:
- Often after we call the girl’s parents, they insist that we don't allow her to go. If she is a minor, they have the authority to make that decision.
- We can involve the police, who have the legal authority to stop her.
- We may convince the girl that she is being trafficked so that she decides not to go on.
Is it dangerous to do this work along borders or other areas?
Human trafficking is, by its very nature, a violent crime, and the networks that engage in it tend to use violence—especially against those they see as a threat to their livelihood. Our staff are regularly threatened by traffickers, and we take their safety very seriously. Through training, preparation, and cooperation with local authorities, we are able to keep our staff safe, and none have been seriously injured in the line of duty.
Do you intercept only women and girls?
We intercept both female and male potential victims. The majority of those we intercept are young girls and women who are likely being trafficked for sexual exploitation. Some young girls are potentially being trafficked for forced labor. The young boys we have intercepted are most likely being trafficked for labor, for work in circuses, or for body parts.
Why do you focus on intercepting potential victims instead of rescuing them?
There are two main reasons. First, by intercepting potential victims before they cross the border into another country, we are able to save them from reaching the destination where they may be hidden and subjected to trauma and exploitation. Even after rescue, the rehabilitation process for a trafficking survivor is often a long and difficult one. Therefore, our strategy focuses on actively preventing trafficking—and the resulting trauma—to keep potential victims from being exploited in the first place. Second, the cost to intercept a potential victim is around $100, while the cost to rescue and rehabilitate a victim could be in the thousands. We strive to employ a strategy that can make a broader impact given limited resources. Even so, no child or adult should ever have to endure a life of slavery, and we support and partner with ministries that focus on rescues.
How many potential victims are intercepted each month?
This number varies every month. Join our email list and be the first to hear when we release our monthly numbers.
What efforts are being made to educate the most vulnerable about the issue of trafficking?
With every potential victim we intercept, we prioritize educating them about the dangers of trafficking. We believe that this approach to awareness is very targeted and effective because it is educating someone that we believe was actually being trafficked or heading into a high-risk situation.
What's the average age of a potential victim who is intercepted?
According to studies, the average age of a victim of transnational trafficking is between 15–16 years old. However, we have intercepted girls and boys as young as 5 years old. The ages of potential victims and the number of individuals intercepted are always changing. Please visit our website www.LoveJustice.ngo for the most up-to-date information.
Where does my financial contribution go?
Here is a breakdown of transit monitoring expenses for all Nepal stations during the month of July 2018:
- 67% Staff Salaries - All staff are required to work as monitors, although some have special duties such as filling out forms, accounting, security, aftercare, etc.
- 14% Shelter - We provide temporary shelter, food, counseling, and medical treatment for victims whom we intercept.
- 7% Miscellaneous - This includes shelter supplies, legal expenses, victim school expenses, repair, etc.
- 5% Station Administration
- 4% Communication - Small amounts are given to staff for communicating with the subcommittee and the office.
- 3% Travel - We help victims to return home and provide for staff traveling to and from work.
Expenses will vary month to month and country to country.
Why are you not doing something about human trafficking in the United States?
We feel called to invest our resources where they will have the greatest impact. In developing countries, it costs significantly less to save people from trafficking (on average around $100 per intercept). It’s true that trafficking exists everywhere, but, generally speaking, the U.S. has social, legal, and governmental institutions that are actively seeking to prevent human trafficking and arrest and convict traffickers. Those assumptions cannot be made in much of the world, and we seek to protect those who are underserved by existing institutions. If we assume that far-away people are just as precious in God’s eyes as those who are near, we cannot do other than invest resources where they will help the most people!
How many transit monitoring stations do you operate, and where are they located?
As of 2020, we have 56 transit monitoring stations in Nepal, India, Bangladesh, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Kenya, Uganda, Benin, Tanzania, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Rwanda, Namibia, and Cambodia.
How much does it cost to intercept a potential victim?
It costs us around $100 to intercept one individual to prevent them from being trafficked.*
*Note: As of November 2018, our average cost per intercept for the past six months was $153. However, the total cost of operating our transit stations contributes to other important outcomes as well. The percentages over this time were approximately as follows:
- 30% Interceptions
- 16% Aftercare
- 13% Legal and Witness Protection
- 13% Data Collection
- 12% Security
- 6% Investigations
- 10% Awareness
Depending on which of those outcomes are considered to be directly related to intercepts, the cost per intercept varies from $65 up to $224. Since we feel many of these outcomes are distinct from the actual interception of a victim, we feel comfortable saying, "It costs about $100 to intercept one individual to prevent them from being trafficked."
Where and when is the gospel presented?
At Love Justice, our mission is "sharing the love of Jesus Christ by fighting the world's greatest injustices." We believe that a significant part of sharing the gospel involves love in action, which is never idle in the face of people's sufferings. It is for this, and in obedience to Christ, that we serve "the least of these" whom Jesus calls us to help. We try to share the gospel with every person we intercept, though none of the services we provide are contingent on a person’s response. Most of the people we intercept have never heard the gospel.
About Getting Involved
An estimated 40 million people are enslaved in the world today. That is an overwhelming number, and I am just one person. Can I really make a difference?
The numbers are indeed staggering and can be numbing. But it is important to remember that the number represents people, each of whom is unfathomably precious. If we can save just one, that would be incredibly worthwhile. Just imagine the lengths you would go to if it were one of your loved ones! It costs us around $100 to intercept one trafficking victim, so yes, you really can make a difference!
Can I come on a brothel raid?
It is very difficult to get foreigners meaningfully involved in short-term volunteer anti-trafficking work. There are many pitfalls. Also, we don’t do brothel raids. Our focus is on intercepting victims who are in the process of being trafficked, and for that we rely on nationals who know the language and understand the culture.
How can I help?
How do you ensure child protection in your family homes?
A: Child exploitation and abuse are shockingly common in many of the countries where we work. For example, in one of these countries, a large-scale government survey suggests that more than half (53%) of children have experienced sexual abuse. It is also common for corporal punishment (even severe forms) to be used against children as discipline, which we at Love Justice would define as abuse. We have taken comprehensive steps to safeguard the welfare of our children and to establish a safe and nurturing environment in all our family homes, including training parents and caretakers on appropriate methods of discipline, conducting regular check-ins with children and parents from trained counselors, vetting staff and parents who will work with children, and implementing other systems to protect the children in our homes. Our Child Protection Policy clearly defines and prohibits physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, and is designed to ensure that if abuse does occur, it is swiftly discovered and dealt with in a way that protects the victims. This policy has been effective in helping us discover, investigate, and immediately address any instances of abuse in our homes. For minor infractions (like spanking), we train parents on more appropriate behaviors. For serious offenses, remedial actions include removing the perpetrator(s) from the home and reporting the matter to the authorities (except in the rare context where doing so would result in further harm to the victim).